Simien Mountains National Park: Ultimate Guide

The Simien Mountains National Park, a UNESCO World Heritage site and one of Ethiopia’s most spectacular natural beauties, welcomes you. The Simien Mountains, located in the country’s north, present a distinctive and spectacular scenery characterized by high peaks, deep gorges, and steep escarpments.

Simien Mountains National Park, part of the Ethiopian Highlands, was established in 1969 and is located in the country’s extreme north. It is also referred to as Africa’s Grand Canyon because of its stunning plateaus, valleys, sheer cliffs, and towering peaks, and it features Ethiopia’s highest peak, Ras Dejen (14,930 feet/4,550 meters). The park’s eastern half is a UNESCO World Heritage Site, and the agency describes it as “one of the most spectacular landscapes in the world.” The Simien Mountains are geologically similar to South Africa’s Drakensberg Mountains. Both were produced by lava outpourings millions of years ago.

Visitors now travel to the national park to take in the spectacular landscape, spot uncommon wildlife, and embark on multi-day excursions. The Simien Mountains are also one of the few sites in Africa where snow falls on a regular basis.

What to Do in Simien

Aside from the fauna, the landscape is the main draw for most visitors. There are two options for exploring: by four-wheel drive vehicle or on foot. An unpaved road passes through the park, connecting the town of Debark in the west to the village of Mekane Birhan in the east. It passes through several traditional Amharic communities and the breathtakingly magnificent Buahit Pass (13,780 feet/4,200 meters). On clear days, the canyon-filled lowlands can be seen for up to 60 miles (100 kilometers). The most popular method to explore the park is via a multi-day trip that includes overnight camping in the high-altitude peaks; however, for safety reasons, all trekkers must be accompanied by an official guide.

This comprehensive guide will offer you with the following important information and ideas to help you make the most of your visit to the Simien Mountains National Park:


The national park is home to some extremely rare creatures, which was one of the primary reasons for its designation as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The Ethiopian wolf (also known as the Simien fox), the Walia ibex, and the gelada monkey are among them. Ethiopian wolves are the most endangered carnivores in Africa and the world’s rarest canids, with only 400 remaining in the wild. Both the endangered Walia ibex and the gelada monkey are found only in the Ethiopian Highlands. There are also Anubis and Hamadryas baboons, klipspringer antelope, and golden jackals to see, and the national park is designated as an Important Bird Area.

The Simien Mountains support a wide variety of vegetation and wildlife, including indigenous species. Be on the lookout for Gelada baboons, which are peculiar to the area and can be seen in huge groups. Ethiopian wolves, ibex, klipspringer, and various bird species may also be seen. The park’s richness and visual splendor make it a haven for nature lovers and photographers alike.

Over 130 bird species have been identified here, including 16 endemics. It’s particularly good for spotting mountain raptors like the majestic and unmistakable bearded vulture, Verreaux’s eagle, and lanner falcon.

Camping Locations

Camping is a popular way to enjoy the park’s natural splendor. Along the walking paths, there are designated campsites with basic amenities like bathrooms and water sources. You can also stay in lodges or guesthouses in Debark or adjacent towns. It’s best to bring your own camping gear or make arrangements with your tour operator.

If you’re going on a multi-day hike, you’ll either stay in a local’s tukul home or pitch a tent at one of the designated campsites. The main campgrounds in Sankaber, Gich, and Chenek all provide covered grilling areas, flushing toilets, and a ranger station. Camping is only permitted in specific places. If you want to take a longer path to the park, there are Scout Camps near the villages of Dirni and Muchila, but you must coordinate your itinerary with your tour guide

Communities and Local Culture

The park also provides an opportunity to interact with local populations and learn about their ways of life. Chenek, a neighboring village, is well-known for its traditional cottages and cultural activities. Interacting with locals can reveal information about their cultures, traditions, and farming methods.

Tourism Safety and Responsibility

It is critical to obey safety instructions, stay on authorized pathways, and respect the natural environment when visiting the park. Make sure you have adequate travel insurance that covers outdoor activities, and let someone know about your excursion intentions. Remember to be environmentally responsible by leaving no trace, respecting wildlife, and supporting local communities.

Final Words

The Simien Mountains National Park provides an adventure like no other. Its magnificent landscapes, rare species, and diverse biodiversity will take your breath away. So, get ready for an incredible experience as you explore this natural wonderland and make memories that last a lifetime.

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